Traditionally, the authorship of the book of the Psalms is awarded to the king Davidbut this is not completely true, since it is now accepted that many psalms were written in a length period of time comprising between six to eight centuries by different authors, but it was King David who throughout his life recited them and was chosen by God to write them down and they became a gift of praise and a way for the Jewish people to pray to God. Father.
What is the book of Psalms?
The Book of Psalms is part of the Old Testament and is a group of five books that are also known as Praises or Psalter, included in the Sapiential Books. At the bible Hebrew is part of the Tanach and they are named with the word tehillim or sefer tehillim, which translates as hymn or praise and are songs used in the Jewish liturgy.
The psalms are praises or hymns which were sung and accompanied by instruments such as the kinnor or Hebrew lyre. They were originally written in Hebrew and were part of the Hebrew bible in the 2nd century B.C. There are 150 psalms in total written by different authors.
Who wrote the psalms?
The Psalms or Praises were written, according to the Talmud, by lhe following authorsDavid, Etan, Melchizedek, Abraham, MosesHeiman, Jeduthun, Asaph, Solomon, the three sons of Korah and some unknown authors named as orphan psalms.
The psalms have a title at the beginning and at the end. Old Testament are indicative of the authorship of the psalms. Accordingly, seventy-three (73) psalms were written by David. Twelve titles are attributed to Asaph.
The three sons of Korah are the authors of eleven psalms, they were a family of temple singers. Moses is the author of a (1), specifically the Psalm 90. On the other hand, King Solomon is listed as the author in the titles of two psalms. Ethan, wrote Psalm 89. Two psalms are attributed to Jeduthun. Thirty-four psalms that lack Hebrew titles and are known as the orphan psalms because their authors are unknown.
Location in the Bible
The book of the Psalms in the Jewish Bible is located at the beginning of the third section called The Writings. In the version of the Seventy is located in the Didactic Books and in Christian bibles it is placed after the book of Job.
Types of Psalms
The writing of the psalms is part of the Hebrew culture and liturgy and several classifications of this type of poetry or canticles have been made. One classification is based on the way of naming God; some psalms call God Yahweh and others name him Elohim. This difference makes it possible to group them into Yahwist psalms or Elohist psalms.
Another classification of the psalms takes into account that they have a common structural scheme and divides them into: Hymns, Supplications, Action of thank youPraises to Kings, Messianic, Zion Songs, Didactic and Wisdom Songs.
Structure of the Psalms
The book of Psalms has a poetic and theological character, manifesting mainly its prophetic nature. It is divided into five books and the first psalm of each book has a title and the last psalm of each book has a praise. The following is a brief description of the contents of each book:
This book contains the principles of the just and the unjust man and presents the Messiah as the son of God and the son of man. The predominant name of God is Yahweh.
In this book God is named as Elohim and in it the sufferings of the righteous man and his tribulations are sung, who cries out to God to be blessed.
The third book shows God's mercy to his chosen people.
Book IV narrates the reign of the Son of man (the Messiah) and the salvation of the chosen people (Israel).
The last book describes God's designs for the Hebrew people and the praises he deserves for his immense mercy towards man.
The message of the psalms
The book of Psalms are texts that praise God and demonstrate the omnipresence and greatness of the Lord, for this reason they were and are recited in pilgrimages and liturgical activities. They describe the power of God and his relationship with man, his justice and the confidence of being protected from the enemies or of diseases. Jesus Christ made references to them on several occasions, demonstrating that they are not simply sacred texts but part of Jewish culture.
They are Hebrew poems with a theological meaning, which serve to praise God but also to educate and transmit principles of morality and values such as the obediencerespect, respect, holiness or solidarity.
The psalms are Hebrew poetry which have served to praise and exalt God and to enlighten men. They are part of the Old Testament and their authorship has been traditionally attributed to King David, but there are other authors according to the Talmud: Ethan, Melchizedek, Abraham, Moses, Heiman, Jeduthun, Asaph, Solomon, the three sons of Korah and some unknown authors named as orphan psalms.
There are 150 psalms in the Bible and they are classified into: Hymns, Supplications, Thanksgiving, Praises to Kings, Messianic, Songs of Zion, Didactic and Wisdom.
The book of Psalms is an important part of the cultural and religious tradition of the Hebrew people and has been handed down by them since ancient times in the synagogues and in their homes.