The Bible or Holy Scriptures as it is known today, it has undergone a length process of revision, debate and study about its authorship and veracity for centuries. The word Bible comes from the Greek βιβλία meaning books and from the Latin biblĭa.
The Bible is lhe word of God and for Jewish believers as well as Christians it is the testimony and source of their love, being a gift from God to the man of faith written by divine inspiration, but this work was written by many authors during approximately 1100 years (between 900 B.C. and 100 A.D.).
It is a collection of books originally written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek that were later translated into Latin and from there into the other languages known today. It is divided into the Old Testament and the New TestamentThe Bible as a whole is made up of Christian.
In the Bible there are verses that confirm its origin and divine inspiration, for example in 2 Peter 1:20-21:
"But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of personal interpretation, for no prophecy was ever given by an act of human will, but that men inspired by the Holy Spirit They spoke on behalf of God."
Or in the letter of the apostle Paul (2Timothy 3:16-17):
"All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be perfect, equipped for every good work."
Who wrote the Old Testament?
The information contained in the Old Testament was taught through oral tradition from generation to generation, centuries before it was written on papyrus or vellum. The books of the Old Testament narrate the history of the Jewish People, from the genesis of man until the exodusand its writing took place over centuries, being written by different authors at different times.
From these writings original copies were made and from these copies hand copies were made until the invention of the printing press. The names of the authors of many of the books that make up the Old Testament are unknown and this is a characteristic of ancient literature where the most important thing was the message and not who wrote it.
The Old Testament, also known as the Hebrew Bible, was written in in Alexandria under the reign of Ptolemy II, pharaoh who ruled Egypt from 285 to 246 B.C. King Ptolemy asked 72 Jewish scholars to translate the Hebrew Bible from Hebrew into Greek, this version being known as the Septuagint version, the version of the Seventy or the Alexandrian version. They spent months in writing down the history of the Jewish people: the pentateuchThe historical, sapiential and prophetic books.
Lhe books of the Old Testament are: the Pentateuch, which consists of the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Traditionally it is accepted that they were written by Moses, although there are studies that do not accept this authorship but that it was written by several authors.
The sapiential books of the Septuagint version are seven: Job, PsalmsProverbs, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom and Ecclesiasticus. These books are poems, prayers, songs attributed to DavidSolomon and other authors
The prophetic books are divided into major prophets and minor prophets. There are five books of major prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel and Daniel. There are twelve books of minor prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkub, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. Each book takes the name of the prophet to whom its writing is traditionally attributed, but it is likely that many of these books were compiled by other authors.
Who wrote the New Testament?
With respect to the New Testament The history is not very different since the authors of some of the books that compose it are unknown. The books of the New Testament were written between 40-100 AD and relate the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as revealed in the Four Gospels, as well as the history of the early church in the Acts, the Letters of the Apostles and the book of the Apocalypse.
The gospels are four: Matthew, John, Mark and Luke and are named after their authors according to the Christian tradition; some scholars suggest that they were written long after the death of Jesus and his apostles by unknown authors.
The book of the Acts of the Apostles is attributed to the apostle Paul. The later books are the Letters of the Apostles, which are 21 letters: Epistle to the Romans, First Epistle to the Corinthians, Second Epistle to the Corinthians, Epistle to the Galatians, Epistle to the Ephesians, Epistle to the Philippians, Epistle to the Colossians, First Epistle to the Thessalonians, Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, First Epistle to Timothy, Second Epistle to Timothy, Epistle to Titus, Epistle to Philemon, Epistle to the Hebrews, Epistle of James, First Epistle of Peter, Second Epistle of Peter, First Epistle of John, Second Epistle of John, Third Epistle of John, Epistle of John Judas. Thirteen of these letters are attributed to the apostle Paul and the others are attributed to different authors.
The book of the Apocalypse is the last book of the Christian Bible and its writing is attributed to the apostle John.
The Bible is the word of God and its scripture is the word of God. inspired by Him to teach us, to guide us, to show us his love and his infinite mercy, but it is accepted that it was written by anonymous or unknown men. Many of the books that make up the Bible are traditionally attributed to known authors such as Moses, Daniel, Luke, etc., but this is not entirely true because the writings were not made at the historical moment but much later.