What is the longest and the shortest psalm in the Bible?

The book of the Psalms is one of the most beautiful books of the Bible and it is a collection of five books, within the  Old Testament of the Christian bibles. In the Hebrew bible it is called tehillim or sefer tehillim (in Hebrew תְּהִילִים), which can be translated as praises, prayer, psalter, hymn or song accompanied by a stringed instrument or Hebrew lyre (kinnor) and is part of the Tanakh. It is the longest book of the Bible, being in total. 150 psalmsoriginally written in Hebrew and which were and are used in the Jewish liturgy to praise and worship the Lord.

The psalms are poems addressed to God and cover various topics, some of them individually and others in groups, such as: the trust in GodThe following are some of the most important aspects of the life, lamentations or supplications, fear, anger, sadness, praise, the prayer and didactic and prophetic teaching.


What is the longest psalm in the Bible?

The psalm The longest in the Bible is 119, which is composed of 176 verses, 22 stanzas and is the longest chapter in the Bible. It has no known author although it has been attributed on occasions to the King David. It is a psalm that glorifies God and his word, that teaches that to abide by and obey God's law gives us freedomlife and happiness.

About its composition and authorship, there is a tradition that tells that the king David used this psalm to teach his son to son Solomon the Hebrew alphabet and obedience and love to the Law, such as the principles of spiritual and ethical life.

The composition of this psalm follows an acrostic pattern, that is, it uses the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet.

This psalm has 22 units of 8 verses each. Each unit begins with a letter of the alphabet and each verse of that unit begins with that letter, which gives the 176 verses of this Psalm. It is for this reason that this poem or chant is said to be a Hebrew A-Z. The first stanza of this Psalm begins with the Hebrew letter Aleph (א) and each of the words of this unit. The second stanza, with the second letter of the alphabet, Beth (ב) and so on with all the letters of the alphabet.

Psalm 119 is a prayer of Jewish tradition and liturgy. which is read at the end of the Passover (Pesach) celebration that celebrates the liberation of the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt.

The depth of the content of this psalm comes to us to teach us that following God's precepts is wonderful and that his infinite mercy allows us to be good people who trust in justice and love to do things honestly as God teaches us.

Psalm 119 follows:

א Alef

Blessed are those who keep the commandments.

1 Blessed are the upright in the way, those who walk in the law of the LORD.

2 Blessed are those who keep his testimonies and seek him with their whole heart,

3 For they do not do iniquity, but walk in his ways.

4 Thou hast commanded that thy precepts be diligently kept.

5 Would that my ways were directed to observe your statutes!

6 Then I shall not be ashamed when I observe all your commandments.

7 I will praise you with uprightness of heart when I learn your righteous judgments.

8 Thy statutes will I keep; never forsake me.

ב Bet

Meditate on the precepts and ways of the LORD.

9 By what shall a young man cleanse his way? By keeping your word.

10 With my whole heart I have sought you; do not let me stray from your commandments.

11 I have kept your words in my heart, that I might not sin against you.

12 Blessed art thou, O Jehovah! teach me thy statutes.

13 With my lips I have counted all the judgments of your mouth.

14 I have rejoiced in the way of your testimonies more than all riches.

15 On your precepts I will meditate and consider your ways.

16 I will delight myself in your statutes; I will not forget your words.

ג Guímel

O LORD, open our eyes, that we may behold the wonders of Your law.

17 Do good to your servant, that he may live and keep your word.

18 Open my eyes, and I will behold wondrous things out of thy law.

19 I am a stranger on earth; do not hide your commandments from me.

20 My soul is broken with longing for your judgments at all times.

21 Thou hast rebuked the proud, the accursed, who turn aside from thy commandments.

22 Remove reproach and contempt from me, for I have kept your testimonies.

23 Princes also sat and spoke against me, but your servant meditated on your statutes.

24 For your testimonies are my delights and my counselors.

ד Dálet

O LORD, grant us Thy law and make us understand Thy precepts.

25 My soul is clinging to the dust; quicken me according to your word.

26 I have declared my ways, and you have answered me; teach me your statutes.

27 Make me to understand the way of thy precepts, and I will tell of thy wondrous works.

28 My soul melteth for sorrow: sustain me according to thy word.

29 Remove from me the way of falsehood, and in your mercy grant me your law.

30 I have chosen the way of truth; I have set your judgments before me.

31 I have cleaved to your testimonies; O LORD, put me not to shame.

32 I will run in the way of your commandments when you enlarge my heart.

ה He

O LORD, teach us Your statutes, Your law and Your commandments.

33 Teach me, O LORD, the way of your statutes, and I will keep it to the end.

34 Give me understanding, and I will keep your law and observe it with all my heart.

35 Lead me in the path of your commandments, for in it I delight.

36 Incline my heart to your testimonies and not to the greed.

37 Turn away my eyes from beholding vanity; enliven me in your way.

38 Confirm your word to your servant who fears you.

39 Remove from me the reproach that I fear, for your judgments are good.

40 Behold, I have longed for your precepts; quicken me in your righteousness.

ו Vau

O Jehovah, give us mercy, truth and salvation.

41 And let thy lovingkindness come to me, O LORD; thy salvation, according to thy word.

42 And I will answer him who reproaches me, because I have trusted in your word.

43 And take not the word of truth out of my mouth at any time, for I hope in your judgments.

44 And I will keep your law forever and ever and ever.

45 And I will walk at liberty, because I have sought your precepts.

46 I will speak of your testimonies before kings, and I will not be ashamed.

47 And I will delight myself in your commandments, which I have loved.

48 I will also lift up my hands to your commandments, which I love, and I will meditate on your statutes.

ז Zain

Jehovah's statutes and judgments comfort us during our pilgrimage.

49 Remember the word given to thy servant, in which thou hast caused me to hope.

50 This is my comfort in my affliction, for your word has quickened me.

51 The proud have mocked me greatly, but I have not departed from your law.

52 I remembered, O LORD, thy judgments of old, and I was comforted.

53 Burning indignation has seized me because of the wicked who forsake your law.

54 Your statutes have been songs for me in the house of my pilgrimage.

55 I have remembered thy name in the night, O Jehovah, and have kept thy law.

56 This I have had, because I have kept your precepts.

ח Jet

Make the faithful our companions.

57 Thou art my portion, O Jehovah; I have said that I will keep thy words.

58 Your presence I have entreated with my whole heart; have mercy on me according to your word.

59 I considered my ways and turned my feet to your testimonies.

60 I hastened and did not delay to keep your commandments.

61 The snares of the wicked have compassed me about, but I have not forgotten your law.

62 At midnight I will rise to praise you for your righteous judgments.

63 I am a companion of all those who fear you and of those who keep your precepts.

64 The earth is full of your lovingkindness, O LORD; teach me your statutes.

ט Tet

O LORD, teach us Your statutes.

65 Thou hast done well unto thy servant, O LORD, according to thy word.

66 Teach me good judgment and knowledge, for I have believed your commandments.

67 Before I was afflicted, I went astray; but now I keep your word.

68 You are good, and a benefactor; teach me your statutes.

69 The proud have devised a lie against me, but I will keep your precepts with my whole heart.

70 Their heart has become callous as fat, but I have delighted in your law.

71 It is good for me that I have been afflicted, that I may learn your statutes.

72 Better to me is the law of your mouth than thousands of gold and silver.

י Yod

O LORD, let Thy tender mercies come upon us.

73 Your hands have made me and formed me; give me understanding, and I will learn your commandments.

74 Those who fear you will see me and rejoice, because I have hoped in your word.

75 I know, O LORD, that thy judgments are just, and that according to thy faithfulness thou hast afflicted me.

76 Let your mercy now be to comfort me, according to what you have spoken to your servant.

77 Let your mercies come to me that I may live, for your law is my delight.

78 Let the proud be ashamed, for they have slandered me without a cause; but I will meditate on your precepts.

79 Let those who fear you and know your testimonies turn to me.

80 Let my heart be upright in your statutes, that I may not be put to shame.

כ Caf

All of Jehovah's commandments are trustworthy.

81 My soul faints for your salvation, but I hope in your word.

82 Mine eyes fail for thy word, saying, When wilt thou comfort me?

83 Though I am as a wineskin in smoke, I have not forgotten your statutes.

84 How many are the days of thy servant? when wilt thou execute judgment upon them that persecute me?

85 The proud have dug pits for me, but they do not proceed according to your law.

86 All your commandments are trustworthy. They persecute me with falsehood; help me.

87 They have almost done with me on earth, but I have not forsaken your precepts.

88 Quicken me according to your mercy, and I will keep the testimony of your mouth.

ל Lamed

O LORD, save us, for we have sought Your precepts.

89 Forever, O Jehovah, thy word remaineth in the heavens.

90 From generation to generation is thy faithfulness; thou hast established the earth, and it abideth.

91 By your judgments they remain to this day, for they are all your servants.

92 If your law had not been my delight, I would have perished in my affliction.

93 I will never forget your precepts, for with them you have enlivened me.

94 I am yours; save me, for I have sought your precepts.

95 The wicked have waited for me to destroy me, but I will consider your testimonies.

96 I have seen an end to all perfection; your commandment is exceedingly broad.

מ Mem

The law of Jehovah and His testimonies should be our meditation all day long.

97 How I love your law! All day long it is my meditation.

98 You have made me wiser than my enemies through your commandments, for they are always with me.

99 I have more understanding than all my teachers, because your testimonies are my meditation.

100 More than the old men have I understood, because I have kept thy precepts.

101 I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I might keep thy word.

102 I have not departed from your judgments, because you taught me.

103 How sweet are your words to my palate, sweeter than honey to my mouth.

104 From your precepts I acquire understanding; therefore I have hated every false way.

נ Nun

The word of Jehovah is a lamp unto our feet.

105 Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

106 I have sworn and ratified that I will keep your righteous judgments.

107 I am greatly afflicted; quicken me, O LORD, according to thy word.

108 I beseech thee, O LORD, that the freewill offerings of my mouth may be pleasing unto thee; and teach me thy judgments.

109 My life is continually in my hands, but I have not forgotten your law.

110 The wicked laid a snare for me, but I did not turn aside from your precepts.

111 I have taken your testimonies as an inheritance forever, for they are the joy of my heart.

112 I have inclined my heart to do your statutes continually, even to the end.

ס Sámec

Depart from evildoers and keep the commandments of God.

113 I abhor the double-minded, but I love your law.

114 Thou art my hiding place and my shield; I have hoped in thy word.

115 Depart from me, you evildoers, for I will keep the commandments of my God.

116 Sustain me according to thy word, and I shall live; and let me not be ashamed of my hope.

117 Uphold me, and I shall be saved; and I will always be mindful of your statutes.

118 You have trodden underfoot all those who turn aside from your statutes, for their craftiness is falsehood.

119 You have made all the wicked of the earth as dross; therefore I have loved your testimonies.

120 My flesh trembles for fear of you, and I am afraid of your judgments.

ע Ayin

O LORD, we are Your servants; give us understanding.

121 Judgment and justice have I done; do not abandon me to my oppressors.

122 Be surety for your servant for good; let not the proud oppress me.

123 My eyes fail for your salvation and for the word of your righteousness.

124 Do unto thy servant according to thy lovingkindness, and teach me thy statutes.

125 I am thy servant; give me understanding, that I may know thy testimonies.

126 It is time to act, O Jehovah, for they have broken your law.

127 Therefore I have loved your commandments more than gold, and more than refined gold.

128 Therefore I esteem all your precepts as right; I abhor every false way.

פ Pe

Jehovah's testimonies are wonderful.

129 Wonderful are your testimonies, therefore, my soul keeps them.

130 The exposition of your words gives light; it makes the naive understand.

131 I opened my mouth and sighed, for I longed for your commandments.

132 Look upon me and have mercy on me, as you are wont to do to those who love your name.

133 Firm my steps with thy word, and let no iniquity have dominion over me.

134 Deliver me from the oppression of men, and I will keep your precepts.

135 Make your face to shine upon your servant, and teach me your statutes.

136 Rivers of water came down from my eyes, because they did not keep your law.

צ Tsade

Jehovah's law is the truth.

137 Righteous art thou, O LORD, and upright are thy judgments.

138 Thy testimonies, which thou hast commanded, are upright and most faithful.

139 My zeal has consumed me, because my enemies have forgotten your words.

140 Your word is most pure, and your servant loves it.

141 Small am I and despised, but I have not forgotten your precepts.

142 Your righteousness is everlasting righteousness, and your law is truth.

143 Affliction and anguish have seized me, but your commandments are my delights.

144 Your testimonies are everlasting righteousness; give me understanding, and I shall live.

ק Cof

O LORD, hear the voice of Thy servants according to Thy mercy.

145 I cried with all my heart; answer me, O LORD, and I will keep thy statutes.

146 I cried unto thee; save me, and I will keep thy testimonies.

147 I anticipated the dawn and cried out; I waited on your word.

148 My eyes anticipated the watches of the night, to meditate on your word.

149 Hear my voice according to thy lovingkindness; O LORD, quicken me according to thy judgment.

150 Those who follow wickedness draw near; they are far from your law.

151 Thou art near, O Jehovah, and all thy commandments are truth.

152 I have long known of your testimonies, which you have established forever.

ר Resh

Many are Your tender mercies, O LORD.

153 Look upon my affliction and deliver me, for I have not forgotten your law.

154 Plead my cause and redeem me; quicken me according to your word.

155 Far from the wicked is salvation, because they do not seek your statutes.

156 Many are thy tender mercies, O LORD; quicken me according to thy judgments.

157 Many are my persecutors and my enemies, but from your testimonies I have not departed.

158 I saw the transgressors and was disgusted with them, because they did not keep your word.

Behold, O LORD, how I love thy precepts; quicken me according to thy lovingkindness.

160 The sum of thy word is truth, and all thy righteous judgments are everlasting.

ש Sin

Those who love the law of Jehovah have peace.

161 Princes have persecuted me without cause, but my heart fears your word.

162 I rejoice in your word as when there is a great spoil.

163 Lying I hate and abhor; your law I love.

164 Seven times a day he praises you because of your righteous judgments.

165 Great peace have those who love your law, and there is no stumbling block for them.

166 I have waited for your salvation, O LORD, and I have done your commandments.

167 My soul has kept your testimonies, and I love them greatly.

168 I have kept your precepts and your testimonies, for all my ways are before you.

ת Tau

All the commandments of Jehovah are just.

169 Let my cry come before you, O LORD; give me understanding according to your word.

170 Let my prayer come before you; deliver me according to your word.

171 Let my lips overflow with praise, for you teach me your statutes.

172 My tongue shall speak your word, for all your commandments are righteous.

173 Your hand will help me, for I have chosen your precepts.

174 I have longed for your salvation, O Jehovah, and your law is my delight.

175 Let my soul live and praise you, and let your judgments help me.

176 I have gone astray like a lost sheep; seek your servant, for I do not forget your commandments.

What is the shortest psalm in the Bible?

The shortest or smallest psalm in the bible is 117with only two verses or 17 words in original Hebrew. Its author is unknown.

Praise the Lord, all you nations; praise him, all you peoples. For great is his mercy toward us, and the faithfulness of the Lord endures forever. Hallelujah!

This psalm is part of the section of songs called Hallel which means praise and its content shows it: it is a praise to God and his eternal mercy; through it we learn that not only the Hebrew people but all men of the world for the love of the Lord we are brothers, whether we are Gentiles or Jews.

As a curiosity, the Psalm 117 is chapter 595 and represents in center of the Bible.


The Psalms are beautiful poems through which love and faithfulness to the merciful God are expressed. The book of Psalms is the longest book of the Bible and contains the longest psalm: 119 and the shortest psalm: 117. Both are by unknown author.

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