History is an important component for society not only for to know our roots and ancestryThe historical facts mark the present performance of the citizenship and therefore, the future behaviors to be followed. Throughout the ages, man has always experienced the greatest interest in knowing his past, which did not escape the ancient Hebrews for whom the past was of great importance.
Since the Jewish people were the people chosen by God to establish with them the Divine Pact The fact that it guaranteed them a promising future in the company of the deity, made them interested in knowing in depth their past, which was characterized by being an enslaved and persecuted population, this Hebrew people later became a kind of army of God to make known and defend the divine truth.
The Bibledoes not escape from this historical component to the to narrate the history of the Jewish people and of humanity generally contained in the so-called Historical Booksreferring to the events of a period spanning approximately eleven centuries, from 1240 B.C. to 173 B.C., referring to the events from the death of Moses to the strife between the Maccabees and the Greeks.
General content of the historical biblical books
The historical books of the Bible offer different aspects when focusing on the events that occurred at the time, because each one of them, being written or compiled by different people, has a different approach with different ways of telling the story.
It can be said that its content covers events from the times when the Hebrews occupied the Promised Land until their struggle against the Hellenic population, a period full of great conflicts such as the invasion of the Babylonians and the struggle against Assyria, as well as other notorious events such as the establishment of monarchical stages as those exercised by Saul, David and Solomon. It is noteworthy that through these historical accounts we can glimpse the transformation of a henotheistic population, given the variety of existing tribes, each with their own customs, to a monotheistic people.
What are historical biblical books?
Historical books are part of the Old Testament and refer to the consolidation of the people of Israel, the exile of this people to Babylon and their subsequent return to Jerusalem. They narrate the actions of important characters such as the prophets and the kings, some believers such as David and other kings disrespectful to the Word of God. But in addition, they refer to all the vicissitudes that the people experienced and all the teachings they learned until they became aware that God fulfills what He promised, expecting only fidelity and obedience by man.
How many historical books does the Bible have?
The total amount of historical books of the Bible varies according to the criteria, and sometimes the religious tendency, of the person who quantifies them. It is widely accepted that they are twelve historical books according to the name by which they are designated. However, some of them are written in two sections or parts, which is why they have come to be considered sixteen instead of twelve.
What are the historical books of the Bible?
The twelve books of the Bible recognized as historic, are as follows: JoshuaJudges, RutSamuel, Kings, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Tobit, Judith, Esther and Maccabees. It should be noted that some of them consist of two parts, such as Samuel I and II, Kings I and II, Chronicles I and II and Maccabees I and II.
It is affirmed that all these books were originally written in Hebrew, with the exception of certain parts of the book Ezra that were written in Aramaic. However, of the first biblical versions of some books, only texts in Greek are preserved, as is the case of the books Tobit, Judith and some sections of Esther, reason that makes Jews and Protestants consider them as apocryphal, excluding them from the Bible; while they are accepted by Catholics, who call them deuterocanonical.
Themes of each of the historical biblical books
- Joshua. It deals with the conquest of the Promised Land after the death of Moses, narrating the advance through the Jordan River, the destruction of Jericho and the battles of Ai and Gibeon; as well as the distribution of the land of Canaan to the twelve Tribes of Israel.
- Judges. It narrates what happened from the death of Joshua until the establishment of the monarchy.
- Rut. It is about exemplifying with Ruth and her mother-in-law Naomi, that everything is arranged by God and that everything happens according to God's will.
- SamuelSamuel I: It narrates the events in Israel from the birth of Samuel until the death of David. Samuel I narrates the performance of Samuel who was the last of the judges until the implementation of Saul's monarchy. Samuel II refers to the king and prophet David.
- ReyesIt refers to what happened from Solomon's ascension to the throne until the end of the kingdom of Judah.
- Chronicles: The first book contains the genealogy from Adam to David and the second book narrates the history of Solomon and the kingdom of Judah.
- EzraThe return of the Jewish tribes after their captivity in Babylon and the rebuilding of the sacred Temple.
- NehemiahThe book tells the story of the fortification of Jerusalem and the religious, political and moral reforms necessary for the restoration of God's chosen people.
- TobiasThe whole moral teaching is presented in a historical way, to understand the blessings of religion and practice faith in God.
- JuditIt allows us to understand that God is always ready to help his people, even when sometimes it is necessary to punish them.
- EsterThe story of Esther's intervention before the king in favor of the Jewish people to prevent them from being exterminated.
- Maccabees: They express, on the one hand, the development of struggles against the oppressors of the people chosen by God. In addition, it gives importance that this people always received the divine help even when at times they imitated the pagan peoples by worshipping other gods.
The set of Historical Books The constant struggle of the Jewish people in that period, who were subjected to constant wars, in many of which they were defeated as a result of their disobedience to God, allowed them to be convinced that by following the divine instructions with faith and perseverance, God is always faithful and fulfills His instructions. promises and blessings.