The book of Leviticus is the third text of the Pentateuch and of the Old Testament. The word leviticus comes from the Greek word meaning "everything related to the Levites" and was used in the translation from Hebrew into Greek at the bible Septuagint (LXX). This name indicates the general content of this sacred text and narrates that the descendants of the tribe of Levi (the third son of Jacob) are the priests consecrated to fulfill the law of the Lord. Moses given by God.
As with all the books of the Pentateuch, its writing is traditionally attributed to MosesIt is accepted today that it was written according to the priestly tradition and its literary style is narrative and historical for the Jewish people. It describes in detail everything related to the Hebrew priesthood and worship, as well as the ceremonies and rituals through which the people maintained communion with God.
It also specifies the norms and rules that the Jewish priests or Levites were to follow for worship in the Jerusalem temple and the rituals for attaining holiness and praising the Lord God through atonement, purification, holiness, worship and worship. sorry to be free of sin and praise the Lord.
The rituals described in Leviticus teaches the precepts to reach the holiness demanded by God. It is a book of religious value that demonstrates that God wants a holy people, worthy of his God, to show the world his greatness and holiness. God Father asks his people to honor him but through a holy individual and collective life.
The contents of Leviticus can be divided into several parts:
- The first part describes the sacrifices as offerings to God and the different types of sacrifices. By means of the sacrifice the total submission and adoration to the Creator is manifested. Man, in offering a sacrifice, seeks to please the Lord and praise Him, as well as to obtain forgiveness for any misconduct he/she may have committed.
Sacrifices are of different types: burnt offerings, grain offerings, peace offerings, sin offerings and guilt offerings. Not only the priests can celebrate sacrifices, but also individuals can do it to give the sacrifices. thank you or ask for some benefit from the Lord.
- The second section refers to the ordination of the priests and establishes in detail the Levitical priesthood, this being one of the primordial institutions of ancient Israel.
- The one third indicates what is pure and impure for the people of Israel and describes the day of Atonement (Yom Kippur). The laws about what is pure and impure seek the sanctity of the people consecrated to God. It also describes religious days such as the Sabbath to remember that God created the world; the Jewish Passover, the feasts of Pentecost and Tabernacles and the Day of Atonement.
- The fourth part contains the so-called "Holiness Law". that regulates life based on holiness, righteousness and love fraternal.
- Finally, the book ends with blessings and curses and an appendix of things consecrated to the Lord.
The ceremonies and rituals of Hebrew worship expressed in Leviticus acquire for the Christian their true value in Christ, who redeemed our sins with his blood and freed us from sin with his life so that by following him we can enjoy eternal life. This book teaches us three fundamental truths for the Christian, which are the atonement of our faults, the sacrifice we offer to the heavenly Father for forgiveness and the attainment of holiness to be in communion with Him and His precepts.