The book of Ester (Hebrew מְגִילַת אֶסְתֵּר) is part of the. Old Testament in Christian bibles. For Judaism, it is an ancient text that is part of the Tanakh, located in the Writings o Ketuvim and is an independent book of the Torah. This book has two versions: a short version in Hebrew, considered the original and canonical for Jews and Protestants, and another version in Greek, in which texts were added and modified, the latter being a deuterocanonical text for Catholic and Orthodox churches and for others, such as the Protestant, Anglican and Restorationist churches. It carries name of woman which in Persian means star. Together with the book of Rut are the two books by the bible with a woman's name.
The book of Esther has the particularity not mentioning the name of God in all its contentsThis makes it very different from the other Hebrew holy books, but the presence of God and His protection of the Hebrew people is found throughout the book. length of the story told in the book.
It is a historical bookwhich, like most of the books in the Old Testament its author is not known, although it is traditionally attributed to Mordecai or Ezra. It is now accepted that it was written by a Jew born in exile in Persia at the end of the 5th century, during the reign of Ahasuerus, who knew the customs and history of Persia and lived in the Persian palace of Susa. The events described occurred approximately 40 years after the rebuilding of the temple and 30 years before the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem. The above places the story told in Esther between the events described in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. It is accepted that it was written in the late Persian or early Greek period around 465 BC, between the 5th and 4th centuries BC.
The book of Esther describes a historical moment in which the Hebrew people are liberated from extermination during the Babylonian captivity and to remember these events the feast of Purim was established, which is a festival that is outside the Mosaic festivities of Judaism. It is a book that is read during the celebration of Purim.
Esther is a beautiful woman whose name in Persian means star, and is the central character of the events narrated in the book that bears her name. Esther is a Persian queen of Jewish descent whose name was Hadassah (Hebrew for myrtle). This beautiful Jewish woman was the daughter of Abihail, of the tribe of Benjamin, who was orphaned as a child and raised by her older cousin Mordecai. Esther married the Persian king Ahasuerus, which allowed her to intervene with her cousin Mordecai to prevent the Jewish inhabitants living in Persia from being exterminated by the hatred of Haman, allowing the people to survive bravely and in commemoration of these events the feast of Purim was established.
The outline of the book of Esther is as follows:
- Preamble (1-2)
- The danger to the Jews (3-5)
- Deliverance (6.1-9.19)
- The Feast of Purim (9.20-10.3)