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The first book of Chronicles or Chronicles -1, in Hebrew דִבְּרֵי-הַימִָּים , Diḇrê Hayyāmîm, meaning "The affairs of the days" or "Actions or deeds of the times" is part of the. Old Testament and of the historical books from the bible.

The book of Chronicles 1It is the presentation of the events lived by the Hebrew people throughout their history until the time of its writing, but with a religious perspective and seen after the exile in Babylon, so it is called postexile, its author wanted to give a vision of the greatness of Israel when the people and their monarchs faithfully fulfilled the Lord and the consequences of the exile. sin by moving away from God's precepts. The author wanted through this work to unify once again the people chosen by the Lord by demonstrating the importance of following the law and performing worship.

Originally Chronicles 1 and 2 were one book but were divided by the Hebrew translators into Greek, and were called in Greek Paralipoménōn I-II, meaning "things left out" or "things omitted". Their location also varies depending on the bible; in the bible Christian is located after Kings II and in the Hebrew Bible it is one of the last books of the Tanakh, which is part of the third section of the Ketuvim

It is a historical book in prose and its author is unknown, although it is traditionally attributed to Ezra, but modern historians attribute its authorship to the Chronicler, whom they consider to be a Levite priest who lived in Jerusalem after the exile that led him to the exile. wrote between 330 BC and 250 BC.

It is a book that focuses on the temple of Jerusalem, the rituals of worship and the priesthood as a sign of attachment and fidelity to the Lord and his law. It gives great importance to the monarchies of Jerusalem. David and Solomon, in whose times the cult was organized and the temple was built. He also mentions at length the pious kings of the kingdom of Judah who reformed the cult and completely ignores the kings of Israel, who by their sins lost the grace of the Lord.

In his accounts the Chronicler demonstrates a deep religious knowledge and handles the historical accounts from a theological viewpoint to teach the past (midrásh) and explain the present; thus demonstrating freedom in omitting errors or events that damage the image of the kings David and Solomon. He devotes much detail to the description of the temple, the return of the ark of the Covenant and other religious facts rather than historical references already narrated in the books of Samuel and Kings.

This book is based primarily on the Pentateuch and in what is written in Samuel and Kings, but with a more religious perspective; it begins with the genealogical descriptions from Adam until the family of Saul to then describe the most important events in the reign of David referring to the worship and the temple for the glory of God; ending with the death of David.

To write Chronicles the author used diverse sources and handled them with great freedom and knowledge; he resorted to the canonical books: GenesisExodus, Exodus, Numbers, Joshua y Rutas well as the books of Samuel and Kings1-2. He also cites other sources such as: the chronicles of the King DavidThe book of the kings of Judah and Israel, the book of the kings of Israel, commentary of the books of the kings and documents of the prophets.

The book presents the following outline:

  1. From Adam to David (1-9)
  2. David's reign (10-29)

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The Second book of Chronicles or Chronicles 2 is the continuation of Chronicles 1. It is part of the historical books of the Old Testament and the Jewish Tanakh. Originally Chronicles 1 and 2 were one book but it was divided into two parts by the translators of the Hebrew bible into Greek and they were called  Paralipomenon 1 and 2 (Πααραλειπομένων) meaning "things left out" or "things omitted".

It is a historical book of narrative genre, whose author is called the Chronicler, although traditionally it is attributed to Ezra. It is a work written after the Babylonian exile that emphasizes the theological aspect, placing as a central theme the construction of the temple of Jerusalem, the cult and the priesthood, as well as the pious kings of the time of the monarchy of the Hebrew people. It is estimated that it was written between the years 330 B.C. and 250 B.C., when the Hebrews return to Palestine under the law of MosesThe temple is restored, marriages with pagan foreigners are eliminated and the walls of the Holy City are rebuilt for its protection.

The Chronicles booksThe books of Genesis through to the books of Kings are based on or parallel to the content of the books of Genesis, but the author's vision is more theological and uses the source material with great freedom (see Chronicles 1), emphasizing the best aspects of the reigns of David, Solomon and the kings of Judah and obviating errors or facts, to highlight faith, worship and the importance of the temple. The books of Kings were written emphasizing the prophet's vision and were written before the captivity of Judah while Chronicles 1 and 2 have a priestly point of view and were written after the Babylonian exile.

Chronicles 2 focuses on the reign of Solomon, the construction of the temple and its dedication to the Lord. After the death of Solomon and the division of the two kingdoms, the author narrates the history of the kingdom of Judah until its destruction with the capture of Jerusalem and the deportation of the Hebrews to Babylon and ends with the decree of the king of Persia, Cyrus, who allowed the return of the Hebrew exiles to Jerusalem and the reconstruction of the temple, under a policy of religious tolerance.

In this work the Chronicler reminds God's people that their existence depends on their faithfulness to the Lord and teaches from a theological perspective the need to follow and be faithful to the law and to God, to be prosperous and live in peace, otherwise it brings sin and the dire consequences of losing God's grace and protection.

The following scheme indicates the contents of this book:

  1. The Reign of Solomon (1-9)
  2. The division of the kingdom (10.1-11.4)
  3. The kings of Judah (11.5-36.23)

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